November 8, 2012

5 Ways to Motivate Others with a SCARF

 

Motivating staff and volunteer leaders in the church or in any organization begs the question: How can we do it better?

I believe David Rock, author and speaker, offers fresh insight from neuroscience about how we can best motivate others. He developed a paradigm based on five domains that influence behavior based on the acronym SCARF.

The letters in this acronym stand for these domains that affect brain functioning and thus performance in our jobs and ministries.

  • Status: a feeling of importance relative to others around us
  • Certainty: a sense of predictability about the future
  • Autonomy: a sense of control over events
  • Relatedness: a sense of safety with those around you
  • Fairness: a perception of being treated fairly

When a staff person, employee, or volunteer experiences SCARF in his or her ministry, it actually increases a chemical in their brain called dopamine which has a positive effect on our moods and our thinking. When a leader intentionally tries to meet the SCARF needs of those around him, the more he will see positive results in these areas:

  • collaboration
  • intrinsic motivation
  • productivity
  • change management
  • healthy relationships

The less these needs are met, the opposite will occur.

So how might a church leader meet some of the SCARF needs in his church or team? Consider these:

Status: Teach that every person has intrinsic worth and value in God’s eyes. Just because a person lacks certain skills does not mean his status in God’s eyes is anything less than someone who seems to be super talented.

Certainty: Keep your people informed about the future. Don’t spring new initiatives on them. Don’t blindside them. Give them sufficient time to process something new. Consistently do this.

Autonomy: Don’t micromanage. Give choices to your staff and volunteers within reasonable parameters. Let them own some decisions.

Relatedness: Provide plenty of time for your teams to do social stuff together. Encourage involvement in a small group. Intentionally build community.

Fairness: Make sure you treat everyone fairly. Don’t ever play favorites.

Motivating others will always test us as leaders. The SCARF model can help us become more intentional and effective in how we motivate them for Kingdom impact.

What have you found that has helped motivate those you work with?

Image • CharlesStone.com

Sign Up Today. Membership is free

Public Stream

  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
    Mary Spitzer published the blogpost Mark 9:31.
  • user-avatar
    Bronwyn Lea published the blogpost Pick of the Clicks 4/19/14.
  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
    Mike Liebler published the blogpost Lent Questions Day 39.
  • user-avatar
    Dave Dunham published the blogpost This Week’s Good Reads.
  • user-avatar
    Dylan Brobst published the blogpost Seeing But Not Believing.
  • user-avatar
    Dave Dunham published the blogpost Small Intimacies.
  • user-avatar
    Cathy Bryant published the blogpost Everyday Hero Sandra Stiles.
  • user-avatar
    Sandra Glahn published the blogpost Silent Saturday.
  • user-avatar
    Leeanne Burda published the blogpost Easter.
  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
    Chris Lautsbaugh published the blogpost Life WITH God.
  • user-avatar
    Whitt Madden published the blogpost Renew: Influence.
  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
    Jeff Randleman published the blogpost The Delicacy Of An Idea.
  • user-avatar
    Kendall Lyons published the blogpost “The Dumbest Idea Ever”.
  • user-avatar
    Sean-Joseph Choo published the blogpost The Way of Creativity.
  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
    Adam Smith published the blogpost How to Get Over the Wall.
  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
    Chelsea Maxwell published the blogpost Why??.
  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
  • user-avatar
    George Krickl published the blogpost Stillness of the Soul.
  • user-avatar
    Mandy Tan just moved in. Take time to say hey.
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Jordan Steel
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > shelly Varas
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > cody kieffer
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > mark horner
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Jessica Peterson
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > randall brewer
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Jose Munoz
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Cephas Makombe
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Ashley Osbourne
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Kara Peterson
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Portia Suber
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Joshua Gilbert
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Sherilyn Ross
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Ferrell Hardison
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Taylor W
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Ira Browne
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Rebecca Alderman
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Mary Lou McGill
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Erik Stone
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Lisa Lineberg
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Larry Poole
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Zanele Ndlovu
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Elizabeth Moser
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Deanna Mason
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Shannon Kelley
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Sharon Johnston
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Wayne Scali
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Tivea Jefferson
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    Dorothy Greco uploaded a photo
  • user-avatar
    Dorothy Greco created a new gallery
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Billy Poe
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Thomas Taylor
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Marnie Blackstone
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Sarah Frase
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Shirley Archer N.D.
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Jessica Applegate
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Shannon Gianotti
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Aimee Larson
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > john stewart
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Laurel Marble
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Lauren Garcia
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > alex harty
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Michelle Grohman
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Don Atwell
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Krista B
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Ryan Bayron
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Nad P
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Natalee P
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Tamika Johnson
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Julie Pittman
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Alyssa Santos
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Lori Green
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Justin Crandall
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
  • user-avatar
    maryen sule > Heather Hughart
    Nice to meet you,
    I am Miss Maryen I am very happy to see your profile today,
    it was so interested i will like to have a relationship with you.
    Also i have something to disclose with you personally,
    please try to contact me direct to my private email, ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )
    to enable me introduce myself to you with my photos,
    God bless you? reply me at ( maryensule123@hotmail.com )